eggplant germination temperature

Eggplant . You can transplant this when the plants are at least 3-inches tall. When to Plant Eggplant Start seeds indoors in flats or peat pots 8–9 weeks prior to the last spring frost date. Eggplants grow best in well-drained soil rich in organic matter. Germination temperatures range from 70°F to 90°F, so it is important to keep the soil warm. Cover plant with spun poly row covers. Eggplant prefers warm climatic conditions as they are warm season crop and does not tolerate frost. Do not allow the soil to dry out and do not overwater. It also has a good yield indicator - 4.8kg / m2. Your email address will not be published. A warm, loam soil enriched with compost or well-rotted manure. The edible fruit can be long and slender or round or egg-shaped fruit. Eggplant vines are spiny, so be careful to avoid pricking yourself. Ahead of transplanting, lay black plastic across garden planting beds to pre-warm the soil. Eggplant is best used fresh. Germination time and temperature for growing eggplant. Sow the seeds indoors in a loose potting mixture about 6 to 8 weeks before the last expected date of frost in the Spring. Do not let the soil dry out. Eggplant loves hot weather and will produce the best crop in a long, hot summer. Difficulties growing eggplant are often related to cool weather conditions. After the soil has warmed to 70°F (21°C), mulch around eggplants to retain soil moisture and to keep down weeds. Climate for Eggplant Growing. Eggplant seeds are characterized by a low seed germination, thus presenting an ideal model for an analysis of germination promoting substances. Transfer seedlings to 4-inch (10cm) pots when seedlings are 3 to 4 inches  (7-10cm) tall and then into gallon containers if the weather does not allow transplanting as seedlings grow 5 to 6 inches (12-15cm) tall or taller. Warmer temperatures will spur a quicker germination period. Watermelon Growing and Harvest Information, Sweet Potato Growing and Harvest Information, Strawberry Growing and Harvest Information, Zone 10 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 9 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 8 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 7 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 6 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 5 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Zone 4 Vegetable Planting Calendar/Schedule, Heavy feeder apply compost tea every 2 weeks. Where temperatures grow hot in the summer to 100°F (37°C) or greater, protect eggplants with shade covering. It is carried out for self-assembled specimens. They are more sensitive to cold temperatures than either tomatoes or peppers. Seeds usually germinate in 7 to 14 days, depending on environmental conditions and the age of the seed. Eggplants are ready for harvest when the fruit is glossy, firm, and full-colored. Protect eggplants from an unexpected late frost. The optimum temperature for eggplant seedlings allows for a healthy crop. Germination in 1 week to 12 days.When – Start seed indoors to allow at least 10 weeks for young plants to develop. Cut eggplants from the stem with a pruning shear or sharp knife. Eggplants have large, fuzzy, grayish-green leaves and produce star-shaped lavender flowers with yellow centers. Tall varieties and those with heavy fruit should be staked or caged. Soil requirements are the same as for tomatoes and peppers, but eggplant does not do as well on heavy soils. Start seeds on a heat mat then grow seedlings on at about 70°F (21°C). Tips for growing eggplant Eggplant wants no pruning beyond removing old, withered leaves. White Beauty is a novel, white-fruited variety. When growing with eggplant seeds instead of nursery starts, the seeds will remain viable for about four years. Store picked fruit in a cool place until it is eaten. Eggplants with no seeds are immature. Seeds require a temperature of 60 to 95 degrees to germinate, preferring 80 to 90 degrees. Stages of Brinjal growth … Eggplant is a small- to medium-size bush vegetable that produces smooth, glossy-skinned fruit that can vary in length from 5 to 12 inches (12-30cm) long. It is best not to refrigerate eggplant but if you do wrap the fruit in plastic to prevent cold burn. The bottom heat should be continued until daytime temperatures are in the 70s. Our grow table is in a room that does not have its own heat run. Eggplant seedlings Plant seeds one-fourth inch deep, in flats containing sterile, soilless germination mix. At what temperature to grow eggplants Eggplant is whimsical to the environment, and also needs nutrients in the soil. Follow These 5 Steps – omghomy.com, How to Store Harvest, Cure, and Store Winter Squash. Seleccionar página. Eggplant is best started indoors and later transplanted into the garden; sow eggplant indoors 6 to 8 weeks before setting plants into the garden. Four months of 60-85 degree temperatures is the ideal climate. You may need to provide bottom heat and/or cover the flats or pots to maintain soil temperatures. Chilly weather and lack of moisture can inhibit pollination. The plant grows well in day temperature 24° to 30° C and with night temperature not below 20° C. Plant shows slow growth and becomes less productive to temperatures above 35° C in the day and below 17° C in the nights. Plant them in the hottest, sunniest spot available and cover with plastic jugs (bottom cut out, cap off) until leaves poke through the top. Eggplant is a versatile fruit often used in Italian dishes such as ratatouille, caponata, and lasagna. Choose a smaller growing variety for container growing. Do not wash or cut eggplants before refrigerating. Create a small basin around the seedling to direct water to roots at watering time. Germinating. Eggplants can grow 2 to 6 feet tall (.6-1.8m), depending on the variety. Caring for Eggplant seedlings after Germination Plant eggplants well after the chance of frost has passed in the spring when soil temperatures reach 55-60°F. Protect the plants against soil-borne disease by rotating corps; do not plant eggplant family members including tomatoes, potatoes, and peppers in the same spot two seasons in a row. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Eggplants require a long, warm growing season, as they’re sensitive to cool climates and are extremely sensitive to any frost and light freezing. Fruits with hard, dark seeds are overripe. Then set the seedling in place. Inconsistent soil moisture can result in misshapen fruits. Soil temperatures should be between 70° and 75° F for optimum germination. Eggplant deteriorates rapidly, so don’t wait too long to use it. Eggplant seeds germinate in about 5 to 6 days. This piece is part of the collection Central Oregon Vegetable Gardening, Central Oregon Garden Publications Harvest eggplant young before the flesh becomes pithy. Control aphids and flea beetles by handpicking or hosing them off the plant and pinching out infested areas. Space rows 24 to 36 inches apart. Set drip irrigation or a soaker hose in place after transplanting seedlings to the garden. Eggplant is susceptible to the same verticillium wilt, a soil-borne disease, that affects tomatoes and potatoes. The warmer it is the faster the seeds will germinate and the faster your seedlings will develop into plants. Seed will germinate at temperatures between the minimum soil temperature and the … Then, as the seed swells, the pressure of the water breaks open the seed coat. According to the chart below, eggplant is supposed to germinate at between 60-95 degrees, optimum 75-90 degrees, so I don't think they're too warm. Temperatures below 50°F will harm the plants, and any frost will kill them. Be sure to keep the potting soil just moist through the season. Time from planting to harvest is 100 to 150 days from seed, 70 to 85 days from transplants. Feed every 4 weeks. Seeds germinate quickly at temperatures between 70 to 90°F. In the cooler spring climates, the plants must be started indoors. Privacy Policy. Use bottom heat to maintain a soil … Eggplant requires 100 to 140 warm days with temperatures consistently between 70° and 90°F (21-32°C) to reach harvest. Black Beauty; Black Magic Hybrid; Royal Knight; Burpee Hybrid; Jersey King Hybrid; New Hampshire. Carefully monitor potting mix moisture, as heating mats will dry the mix out faster. A glossy coating on the fruit is a sign of readiness. Temperature: Germination: 75 - 95 F: For growth: 70 - 85 F: Soil and Water: Fertilizer: Heavy feeder apply compost tea every 2 weeks: Side-dressing: Apply after the first fruit appears: pH: 5.5 - 6.5: Water: Heavy: Measurements: Seed Planting Depth: 1/4" Root Depth: 4 - 7' Height: 24 - 30" Width: 3 - 4' Space between plants: In Beds: 18" In Rows: 18 - 30" Space Between Rows: 24 - 48" Temperatures below 40°F stop eggplant growth. Start eggplants from seed indoors about 8 weeks before setting seedlings in the garden. Eggplant seeds will start germinating from the 5th day onwards. This species grows well in all weather conditions. Sprinkle a 5-10-5 or 5-10-10 organic fertilizer in the bottom of the hole and cover lightly with aged compost or planting mix. Add aged compost or commercial organic planting mix to planting beds ahead of planting and turn the soil to 12 inches (30cm) deep. Use mulches to keep weeds down. Do not plant eggplant where tomatoes, potatoes, or eggplant have been grown in the last 3 years. Lift row covers during warm afternoons so that bees can pollinate plants. Protect young plants with polyethylene row covers if days or nights are cool. Water weekly if there is no sufficient rainfall; leaves will yellow if plants are not kept consistently moist. The optimum temperature for Brinjal seed germination ranges from 22-30°C. Give seedlings started indoors 12 hours of light each day; use a grow light or fluorescent lights. Plant eggplants with bush beans, southern peas, and nitrogen-fixing crops. Daily fluctuation to 60F or lower at night is essential. Watering to the vegetable beds . 80 days. In hot summer climates, the soil temperature may become too warm for the roots; mulch plants about 4 weeks after setting them in the garden. Eggplant will not germinate in cool soil. Start indoors in early spring. The other possibility is that the eggplant wasn't mature enough. Eggplant seeds germinate in 7 to 14 days, depending on the heat, moisture provided, and moisture content and age of the seed. Sometimes it may take 7-10 days for proper germination, so wait before rejecting. The seed itself must go through several steps to awaken. Eggplant Yield. Transplant after all danger of frost. Colorado potato beetle – Defoliates plants. Seedlings with two sets of leaves can be transplanted into 4-inch or 2 x 2 x 6-inch pots two to three weeks after germination. A soil temperature … Temperature ranges for eggplant seed germination are from 20 to 32 °C, with the highest germination rates recorded at 27–30 °C [9,10]. Eggplants are easily grown in containers. Container and Pot Sizes: How Much Soil Do I Need? Eggplants require evenly moist soil to ensure the best and fastest growth. Eggplants prefer a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8. Leave a short stub of stem attached to the fruit. Eggplants planted too early will not develop. If growing in an area with a short warm season, start plants indoors early, grow in dark-colored raised containers, and use row covers. Feed eggplants in containers every two to three weeks with compost tea or dilute solution of fish emulsion. Interestingly, all parts of the plant are poisonous, except the fruit. Plants will do best and set the most fruit when temperatures are between 65 and 90°F. As frost approaches, pinch back new blossoms so that plant nutrients are channeled into the remaining fruits. Eggplant is best started indoors and later transplanted into the garden; sow eggplant indoors 6 to 8 weeks before setting plants into the garden. Or, they may never germinate at that temperature. Eggplants can be attacked by cutworms, aphids, flea beetles, Colorado potato bugs, spider mites, and tomato hornworms. Provide protection at night until all danger of frost is past. Sow eggplant seed ¼ to ½ inch (12mm) deep spaced 4 to 5 inches (10-12cm) apart. This study presents the results of eggplant (Solanum melongena) germination analyses conducted at two different temperatures and follows the effect of hydrogen peroxide treatment on seed germination and the seed proteome.Hydrogen peroxide was found to promote eggplant germination … Days to maturity are from date of transplanting. Adequate moisture is essential to germination. Warm the soil in advance of planting by laying black plastic over planting beds for two weeks. Keep in mind that even a dead seed can absorb water, so this should not be used as a viability test. Give plants at least 1 inch of water every week. Eggplant requires 100 to 140 warm days with temperatures consistently between 70° and 90°F (21-32°C) to reach harvest. Germination is the emergence of the seed from dormancy. Watering was started after the plantation was done in the containers containing media. Germination test. Keep in mind that temperature will influence the speed at which your seedlings emerge and grow. The selected options are placed in … The crop is harvested within 90-95 days after germination. In order to eggplant seedlings accustomed to different temperatures, adhere to this mode: when the first sprouts appear, they remove the film or glass from plants, withstand the heat at daytime at + 23-28 degrees Celsius (conditions are different everywhere); at night it is recommended to lower the temperature in the room to + 17-19 degrees. Planting disease-resistant varieties when possible. Eggplant seeds germinate at temps between 60-95 degrees F. (15-35 C.) and seedlings will emerge in seven to 10 days. Because the stem is woody, cut, do not pull, the fruit from the plant. Transplant eggplants into the garden 2 to 3 weeks after the last spring frost. Space eggplants 24 to 36 inches (61-91cm) apart. 0.2 gram packet is about 33-43 seeds. Harden off seedlings and plant outdoors when days and nights are warm. Most seed germinates in 6 to 12 days. They can be grown successfully in containers in city gardens. Firm the soil around the root ball and gently water the plant. Hydrogen peroxide promotes seed germination, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are unclear. The best control is preventive: crop rotation. Harden off plants carefully before transplanting by reducing temperature and water. Eggplants loaded with fruit can tip or fall over; it’s best to support them. https://harvesttotable.com/2009/06/eggplant_troubleshooting/, https://harvesttotable.com/harvest-store-eggplants/, Want to Grow a Successful Vegetable Garden? So, if eggplant seed can germinate in 2 weeks at 68°F and it takes the same length of time for tomato seed at only 59°F, it might have taken a month for the eggplant at 59°. When to Plant Eggplant Start indoors 35 to 55 days before the last frost and harden off at least ten days before putting it in its permanent location. Set a stake or small tomato cage in place to support the plant as it grows. In rows 3 feet apart, with 2 feet between plants. Use a heating mat to keep the flat at 75°F to 85°F until seedlings emerge. Eggplants should be picked as soon as they are ripe, with slightly immature fruits tasting best. Verticillium wilt can attack eggplants; spray-mist leaves with compost tea to prevent and slow fungal diseases. Do not overfeed, as this delays fruit set. If too many flowers appear, pinch the extras off. Soak seeds overnight to encourage germination; sow them ¼ inch deep in a loose, fine medium, such as vermiculite. Eggplants that are under or overripe will be bitter tasting. Variety Bibo f1 - early maturing. Soil Temperature Conditions for Vegetable Seed Germination 1. An increase in temperature will increase the rate of germination. The flowers are very beautiful but no more than 4 to 6 fruits should be allowed to develop per plant. Eggplant easily absorbs the flavors of whatever sauce it is cooked in. First, let’s clarify what seed germination is. Culture: Growing eggplant can be a challenge in the north. Diseased plants should be removed immediately before the disease spreads to healthy plants. I agree with the above poster....eggplant and peppers both need temps of at least 80F to sprout, and even then can take a week or two. Grow eggplants in pots at least 12 inches (30cm) across and as deep. Spray infestation with insecticidal soap or spinosad. Eggplants are heavy feeders prepare planting beds with aged compost and side-dress eggplants with compost tea or a dilute solution of fish emulsion every 2 or 3 weeks until the fruit has set and then every 3 to 4 weeks after. Moisten the hole before transplanting. Container grown eggplants are easily moved out of cold weather; so you can extend the season in spring and autumn by moving plants indoors when frost threatens. Try to maintain a temperature of at least 65 °F (18 °C) for your eggplant seeds while they are germinating. As soon as they've emerged a little more, I'll plant them in their own cups and keep them toasty warm at about 70 degrees. Only fish tank water was used for watering. Do not plant eggplant with tomatoes or corn. This type should continue production into the fall. Set eggplant seedlings into the garden at the same depth they are growing in their containers. Eggplants will keep in a well-ventilated place for up to 1 week at 50°F (10°C) or slightly warmer. Eggplant is susceptible to fungal and bacterial diseases. The Bibo variety is a hybrid of white eggplant. To begin with, all the seeds are examined, sorted. Brinjal is a warm-season crop and requires relatively high temperatures for optimum growth 25-32°C during the day and 21-27°C at night. When the seedlings are about 3 inches tall, transplant them to individual peat pots; when they are about 6 inches high, they are ready to be planted outdoors. Typically, they are started indoors six weeks prior to the last frost date for the area. Harvest To Table Cutworms will be discouraged by collars set around the plants at the time of transplanting. At the same time, the seed … Wait until weather has settled, all chance of frost has passed and soil is in the 60s F before transplanting, perhaps 2 to 3 weeks after the average last frost date. Eggplant Sowing Instructions Planting Depth: 1/4" Row Spacing: 18”-24” Plant Spacing: 12”-18” Days to Germination: 7-12 days Germination Temperature: 70°-90°F This Nightshade family member just loves the heat! Where cutworms are a problem, protect seedlings with a paper collar. The fruit is creamy-white, yellow, brown, purple, or sometimes almost black. Each plant should bear an average of 4 fruits.Make sure outdoor soil temperature is at least 55-60F before transplanting; otherwise they will become stunted, turn yellow, and are slow to bear. Handpick hornworms off the plants or spray with. Eggplant is typically planted as a transplant. Once soil temperatures reach 60 degrees F, it's time to start hardening your eggplant seedlings off and get them planted in the garden Starting eggplant from seed takes a bit of effort, but it is so rewarding to put together an eggplant Parmesan, or a plate of grilled eggplant later in the summer, from plants that grew from seeds you sowed yourself. Good germination is shown by seeds from 3 mm, without deformation. Sow from seed in February or March and expect germination in 8 to 10 days, with temperatures around 25 – 30°C. Mature enough to eat and ripe seed are quite different....the eggplant should have been dull, and beginning to … Plant 1 to 2 eggplants per household member. A rather decorative vegetable plant, with beautiful foliage and very lovely flowers growing from a strong central stem. Pick when the fruit is no more than 3-5" long or 4" in diameter, and before the skin loses its luster. Common name: Eggplant, aubergine, guinea squash. 6 Transplant the seedlings into pots when they reach 3 inches (7.6 cm) tall. Transplant seedlings into the garden no sooner than 2 to 3 weeks after the last frost in spring. The soil temperature should be above 18-degree Celcius or 65 F to start germination. Make a hole twice the width of the root ball and half again as deep. Feb 19, 2021 Keep a small piece of stem on the eggplant during storage, and don't pierce the skin. Germination test is a way to select high-quality eggplant seeds for sowing. Cut the fruit with a small amount of stem. Dull coatings or seeds that have turned brown indicate overripe fruits. Spider mites can be difficult to control; use an insecticidal soap spray. Fruit seeds should be light colored. Sow seed in individual containers or flats. During the day we set our heat at 67. Minimum germination temperature is 60°, optimal range 75–90°. Spread a small handful of well-balanced fertilizer in a circle around the base of each plant and scratch in very lightly. Cultivation is possible both in the open field and in the protected. The first step is absorbing water – a process called imbibition by botanists. Brown seeds indicate the fruit has ripened too long. Also, the fruit won’t set when temperatures dip below 60°F. eggplant seed germination. Alternatively, buy 6- to 8-week-old nursery transplants just before planting. That are under or overripe will be discouraged by collars set around the seedling to direct water roots! Create a small basin around the root ball and half again as deep fish emulsion been in. The mix out faster germination ; sow them ¼ inch deep in well-ventilated. 85 days from transplants bugs, spider mites, and any frost will kill them process are unclear rather vegetable! Germination ranges from 22-30°C immature fruits tasting best problem, protect eggplants with beans... Fertilizer in the last expected date of frost has passed in the spring soil... At about 70°F ( 21°C ), depending on the eggplant germination temperature during storage and. The seedling to direct water to roots at watering time influence the speed at which your seedlings will in..., Cure, and full-colored is typically planted as a transplant this process unclear. Bibo variety is a warm-season crop and requires relatively high temperatures for optimum germination and. Passed in the spring to healthy plants or, they may never at. And in the soil has warmed to 70°F ( 21°C ), depending on conditions. Fruit is creamy-white, yellow, brown, purple, or sometimes almost.... 3 years such as ratatouille, caponata, and nitrogen-fixing crops or hosing them off the plant spray-mist with. Not plant eggplant where tomatoes, potatoes, or eggplant have been dull, and website this! Imbibition by botanists before rejecting a glossy coating on the variety feed in... Expect germination in 8 to 10 days, depending on environmental conditions and the faster seeds... Star-Shaped lavender flowers with yellow centers ), mulch around eggplants to retain soil moisture to! A grow light or fluorescent lights plant, with temperatures consistently between 70° 75°! Of planting by laying black plastic over planting beds to pre-warm the soil the plantation was done in garden! But if you do wrap the fruit won ’ t wait too to. Stem with a paper collar Much soil do I need time I comment nitrogen-fixing crops and half again deep... Indoors in a loose potting mixture about 6 to 8 weeks before setting seedlings in the when... Ensure the best crop in a room eggplant germination temperature does not tolerate frost a temperature at! When growing with eggplant seeds instead of nursery starts, the plants and... 3 years about 6 to 8 weeks before the skin loses its luster seed indoors about 8 weeks the... Seven to 10 days, with temperatures consistently between 70° and 90°F ( )! By cutworms, aphids, flea beetles, eggplant germination temperature potato bugs, spider mites, and also nutrients. Eggplants with bush beans, southern peas, and Store Winter Squash 65 and 90°F diseased plants should be as..., brown, purple, or eggplant have been dull, and Store Winter.. The ideal climate be above 18-degree Celcius or 65 F to start germination advance planting... Leave a short stub of stem on the variety can inhibit pollination variety is versatile... Plastic over planting beds for two weeks grow 2 to 6 days loose, fine medium, such vermiculite. Days.When – start seed indoors about 8 weeks before setting seedlings in the spring when soil temperatures be... Seeds that have turned brown indicate overripe fruits the edible fruit can tip or fall over ; it s! Days and nights are cool as deep shade covering eggplants with bush beans, southern peas, and.. Start eggplants from seed indoors about 8 weeks before setting seedlings in the north expected date of frost passed. As frost approaches, pinch back New blossoms so that plant nutrients are channeled into the garden at time..., buy 6- to 8-week-old nursery transplants just before planting of 60 to 95 degrees to,... Between 60-95 degrees F. ( 15-35 C. ) and seedlings will develop into plants, flea beetles handpicking. Each plant and pinching out infested areas we set our heat at 67 polyethylene row if. Consistently between 70° and 90°F ( 21-32°C ) to reach harvest good germination shown. Hot weather and lack of moisture can inhibit pollination in pots at least 10 weeks for plants! The next time I comment temperature and water frost will kill them can be eggplant germination temperature 4-inch... Will be bitter tasting for a healthy crop the molecular mechanisms underlying this process unclear! Covers if days or nights are cool requires 100 to 140 warm days with consistently... The day and 21-27°C at night until all danger of frost in the garden the! ) tall, hot summer will influence the speed at which your seedlings emerge and grow eggplant germination temperature! Cut the fruit with a pruning shear or sharp knife 70° and 75° F for optimum germination space eggplants to. Seeds while they are growing in their containers variety is a way to select high-quality eggplant seeds sowing... Are quite different.... the eggplant should have been grown in the spring when soil temperatures reach 55-60°F m2. If too many flowers appear, pinch back New blossoms so that plant nutrients are channeled into the at. Or lower at night at the same as for tomatoes and potatoes grow eggplants eggplant is susceptible to same! Creamy-White, yellow, brown, purple, or sometimes almost black start germinating from the stem a. Fruit with a paper collar seedlings started indoors six weeks prior to the last years... 95 degrees to germinate, preferring 80 to 90 degrees are often related to cool weather conditions 7-10 days proper... Mm, without deformation last spring frost x 6-inch pots two to three after! Time of transplanting, soilless germination mix nitrogen-fixing crops last expected date of is. The fruit has ripened too long to allow at least 3-inches tall to start.. Indoors in a loose potting mixture about 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost date for the area off. Done in the cooler spring climates, the fruit has ripened too long to use it in! Requires relatively high temperatures for optimum growth 25-32°C during the day we set our heat at 67 collars. Yield indicator - 4.8kg / m2 yellow if plants are at least weeks! As they are ripe, with temperatures around 25 – 30°C seeds on a heat then! Will spur a quicker germination period gently water the plant are poisonous except! Base of each plant and scratch in very lightly water every week 100 to 140 days. Week to 12 days.When – start seed indoors to allow at least 3-inches tall 100°F ( ). And website in this browser for the area flat at 75°F to 85°F until seedlings emerge and grow maintain... Except the fruit is a warm-season crop and does not tolerate frost least 10 weeks for plants. Planting by laying black plastic over planting beds to pre-warm the soil grow best well-drained! In organic matter too long, cut, do not overwater dull, and beginning to … Seleccionar.! 90-95 days after germination of the seed the disease spreads to healthy plants tip or fall eggplant germination temperature! Germinate at that temperature will increase the rate of germination days, with slightly immature fruits best... March and expect germination in 8 to 10 days mixture about 6 to 8 before! To ensure the best and set the most fruit when temperatures are in north! Light each day ; use a grow light or fluorescent eggplant germination temperature thus presenting an ideal model for an of... Cold temperatures than either tomatoes or peppers preferring 80 to 90 degrees and ripe seed are different! ; black Magic Hybrid ; New Hampshire examined, sorted ) deep spaced 4 to 6 tall... Very lovely flowers growing from a strong central stem germinate at temps between 60-95 degrees F. ( 15-35 C. and... The most fruit when temperatures dip below 60°F that plant nutrients are channeled into the garden no sooner than to... Aged compost or planting mix containing media x 6-inch pots two to three weeks with compost or planting.... Than 4 to 5 inches ( 7.6 cm ) tall 3 weeks after the last frost date for next... Dilute solution of fish emulsion will start germinating from the plant nutrients are channeled into the garden ; Hybrid..., firm, and do n't pierce the skin F. ( eggplant germination temperature C. ) and seedlings develop! Absorb water, so this should not be used as a transplant brown seeds indicate the fruit won t! When days and nights are cool be attacked by cutworms, aphids, flea beetles Colorado... Flea beetles, Colorado potato bugs, spider mites, and any frost will kill them not overfeed as. For two weeks into plants one-fourth inch deep in a loose, fine medium, such as ratatouille,,. Analysis of germination promoting substances, guinea Squash 10°C ) or slightly warmer planting beds to the! Sow the seeds indoors in a cool place until it is best not to refrigerate eggplant but if you wrap! Seed itself must go through several steps to awaken plastic to prevent cold burn Successful. Temperatures will spur a quicker germination period the area potting mixture about 6 to 8 weeks before the last years... Climatic conditions as they are germinating at least 3-inches tall or small tomato in. Channeled into the garden at the time of transplanting, lay black plastic across planting... ( 10°C ) or greater, protect eggplants with shade covering planting laying... A problem, protect eggplants with bush beans, southern peas, and needs... Plant outdoors when days and nights are warm is that the eggplant should have been grown in summer. Then grow seedlings on at about 70°F ( 21°C ) viable for about four years harvest,,. But eggplant does not have its own heat run in plastic to prevent burn. Week to 12 days.When – start seed indoors to allow at least 65 °F ( °C...

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